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Mitika National Nature Reserve in Tibet

By Zhi Xinghua Source:China Tibet News 2019年10月23日 09:51

Mitika National Nature Reserve is located in the north of Lhari County, Nagqu City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region. With abundant water resources, the total core area of the reserve is 43,496 hectares. In 2005, Mitika was included in the list of wetlands of international importance. In 2008, it was named as autonomous region level wetland nature reserve. In 2016, it was named as national nature reserve.

Wu Yuchu, curator of Tibet Yak Museum, has lived in Mitika for many years when he is young. He says, “When I graduated from college, I chose to come to Nagquand settled down in Mitika. Besides the revolutionary optimism that feared nothing, I also had an impulse to explore the limits of life.”

Mitika, a plateau wetland covering an area of 140,000 square kilometers, is once considered inaccessible because of its high altitude and cold climate.

Pasang Tsering, party secretary of Maidika Town, introduces that Mitika wetland is dotted with 108 lakes that nomads can name.

Pare Village, the seat of Mitika township government, is nearly 5,000 meters above sea level. In 2016, Cola Town was renamed as Mitika Town.

In the past, Mitika Town, Lingti Town, and Zangbei Town aredeep impoverished towns in Lhari County.

According to the statistics at the end of 2015, of the 900 households in Cola Town, which is named as Mitika Town now, 400 have been registered poor households. By the end of 2018, the whole towns has been lifted out of poverty.

In order to carry out the work of wetland monitoring, protection and publicity as well as administrative case handling, the Forestry Bureau of Nagqu has equipped relevant management personnel.

According to official data, there are 272 species of spermatophytes and 98 species of vertebrates in Mitika wetland. Among the wild animals, a total of 6 species are listed as national class-I key protected animals, 18 species are listed as national class-II key protected animals, and 15 species are listed in the appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

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