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Summary of the work of specialized cooperatives of farmers and herdsmen in Tibet

By Zhi Xinghua Source:China Tibet News 2019年10月02日 08:06

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Photo shows the scene of potato harvest in Emagang Town of Namling County, Xigaze City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region. [China Tibet News/Li Meiying]

In recent years, Tibet Autonomous Region has attached great importance to the cultivation of specialized cooperatives of farmers and herdsmen, accelerated the establishment of policy system, integrated resources, and vigorously guided and supported their standardized development.

In 2010, there were only 350 specialized cooperatives of farmers and herdsmen in Tibet, while by June 2019, the number reached 10,009, an increase of nearly 29 times. These cooperatives covered many fields such as planting and breeding industry, processing industry of agricultural and animal products, logistics and transportation industry and so on.

Gathering strength to promote development of cooperatives

The villagers of Niangna Village, Zhamog Town, Bome County, Nyingchi City, southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, as a whole are not rich, and it is not practical for each household to build a greenhouse alone. Therefore, 35 households in the village are collected to discuss issues such as raising funds and labor for collective industrial projects of growing greenhouse fruits, vegetables and potatoes. In 2018, Niangna Village has begun to try growing greenhouse fruits, vegetables and potatoes, realizing a year-end income of more than 60,000 yuan RMB.

This year, in order to better improve industrial efficiency, the "two committees" (village party branch and village committee) of the village decide to establish the cooperative and increase potato planting by 0.27 hectares.

By relying on superior resources, and making use of favorable conditions such as capital, technology and marketing, the cooperative of Niangna Village drives local households to develop production and management, and plays a good demonstration role in exploring the establishment of a market connection mechanism, promoting the production scale and capacity, promoting the increase in production and efficiency of agriculture and animal husbandry, and increasing the income of farmers and herdsmen.

Now, cooperatives in Tibet have developed into a variety of models such as enterprise leading, capable person leading, village committee founding, farmers and herdsmen spontaneously organizing and so on. In accordance with the market demand and the wishes of farmers and herdsmen, scattered households are organized to carry out cooperative production and appropriate scale management, forming a unified consortium to share risks and benefits.

Continuous brand building

The Shenma Specialized Potato Cooperative in Dagar Town of Quxu County, Lhasa City is mainly engaged in potato planting and wholesale sales. All 372 households in the village have joined the cooperative. By the end of 2018, the average bonus for each household has reached 3,700 yuan RMB.

The herdsmen's specialized economic cooperative in Gyaqiong Town of Bangoin County, Nagqu City is mainly engaged in processing and sales of livestock products and ethnic handicrafts.

The establishment and development of farmers and herdsmen's cooperatives provide a variety of options for farmers and herdsmen to get rid of poverty and increase income.

At present, seven big industries including highland barley, yak, Tibetan pig, cow, Tibetan sheep, vegetables, and forage grass continue to develop. Various kinds of agricultural and animal products are available on the market.

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