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47 nature reserves established in Tibet

By Liu Fang, Zhu Shan Source:China Tibet News 2019年04月23日 09:58

Tibet Autonomous Region, located in southwestern China, remains one of the best ecological environments in the world. In accordance to the white paper Democratic Reform in Tibet-Sixty Years On issued by the state council, the vegetation coverage of Tibet's grasslands reached 45.9%. In 2018, the region's grassland, covering an area of 889,300 km², ranks first in China. Tibet has set up 47 nature reserves of all kinds since the establishment of the Qomolangma Nature Reserve in 1988. The total area of nature reserves amounts to 412,200 km². The number of Tibetan antelopes has increased from 60,000 in the 1990s to 200,000 now.

In recent years, Tibet has made remarkable achievements in ecological conservation. Now, the region boasts a forest coverage rate of 12.14% and a forest stock of 2.28 bln m³. The comprehensive vegetation coverage of natural grassland has reached 45.9%. The area of wetland ranks second in China.

At the same time, the region continues to make further efforts in ecological protection. The regional government has issued a series of local regulations, including the Regulations of the Tibet Autonomous Region for Environmental Protection, and Regulations of the Tibet Autonomous Region on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution; meanwhile released measures for implementing state laws and regulations, such as the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Nature Reserves, and Grassland Law of the People's Republic of China. All of these have provided a legal basis for developing nature and wetland reserves, protecting wild fauna and flora, managing water resources, conserving water and soil, preventing and controlling desertification, returning farmland and pastureland to woods and grassland, as well as protecting grassland ecology.

Ecological conservation area is expanding. There are 22 eco-protection areas including 1 at state level, 4 national scenic areas, 9 national forest parks, 22 national wetland parks, and 3 national geoparks.

In addition, the region's biodiversity is restoring. Currently, there are more than 6,600 kinds of higher plants in Tibet, of which 38 are under state protection and 40 under regional protection. Meanwhile, there are 141 kinds of wild animals under both state and regional protection, involving 45 national first-class protected wild animals, 80 national second-class protected wild animals, and 16 regional protected wild animals. The number of Tibetan antelopes has increased from 60,000 to 200,000 since 1990s; population of Tibetan wild donkeys has grown from 50,000 to 80,000; black-necked cranes have increased from 3,000 to 8,000 in number and wild yaks from 7,000 to 10,000. Tibet is among the regions with the richest biodiversity in the world.

The living environment for residents has improved significantly. Tibet is the first one in China to build ecological reserves in the headwater areas of rivers and initiate the environmental governance and ecological restoration in Lake Namtso, Yamdrok Lake and other key lake basins. Besides, the region continues to strengthen efforts on the rural and urban afforestation. 6,223 people in Tibet have taken part in the work of improving living environment and environmental governance since 2010.

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