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Data compilation work of Ngunda archaeological site in Chamdo, Tibet completed

By Zhi Xinghua Source:China Tibet News 2016-10-27

At present, the data compilation work including statistics, drawing, and photography for unearthed specimens of Ngunda archaeological site in Chamdo City, Tibet Autonomous Region has been completed.

The Ngunda archaeological site is located along the east bank of Ngomchu River, 5 kilometers away from north Chamdo County, Chamdo City. Covering an area of 100000 square meters, it is one of the important sites of Neolithic Period in Tibet. In May 2013, it is listed as the seven batch of national key cultural relics protection unit by the the State Council.

According to statistics made by Tibet Institute of Cultural Relics Protection, there are 12760 pieces of specimens in total. Among which, there are 4844 pieces of animal bones. According to preliminary identification, these animals are mainly fish, bird, mammal and other ten kinds of animals. Bone artifacts mainly include bone awl, bone needle, bone chisel and so on. In addition, there are 6224 pieces of stone wares, including steinkern, scabbling, chipped stone tools and polished stone implements. Among which there are many microlith. Apart from that, there are 1692 pieces of pottery fragments including stean, pot, kylix and so on. Up to now, 820 pieces of specimen drawings (410 pieces of underlying graphs and smooth sheets) for report have been completed. 200 pieces of specimen photos have been taken.

The cultural connotation reflected by the Ngunda archaeological site belongs to Neolithic Period's Karo culture. It is of important significance to explore the origin of Tibetan ethnic, find the cultural link between Tibet's early period and the Yellow River basin, and establish perfect Karo culture type and sequence.

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