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Development of education in Tibet over past 5 decades

By Zhu Shan Source:China Tibet News 2018-03-29

Since the establishment of Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) in 1965, a relatively complete education system covering general education, pre-school education, adult education, vocational education and special education has been built. Besides, Tibet is the first in China to provide 15-year free education from pre-school to high school, which Tibetan people enjoy greatly.

Before the peaceful liberation of Tibet, the educated were mostly aristocrats, accounting for 5 percent of the total population of Tibet, while serfs and slaves had no right to education at all.

In 1951, Tibet established the first modern primary school- Qamdo Primary School, opening up the route to the modern school in plateau. Now, there are 1696 schools of various kinds in Tibet, among which 388 schools are in villages. After the compulsory education, all students have access to education at different levels and sorts.

Since 1985 China has covered all tuition, food and boarding expenses for students from farmers and herdsmen's families in the stage of compulsory education, raised the subsidy standard 14times.

Besides, Tibet implemented the project of increasing tuition among children from farmers and herdsmen's families in the stage of compulsory education. The subsidy system from pre-school education to postgraduate education is improving increasingly, benefiting 1.53 million people with the fund of 2.3 billion Yuan.

In 1985, for the lack of talent and the relatively weak educational basis in Tibet, 16 provinces and cities of eastern China has founded the Tibetan-major inland Tibetan classes for the first time, which begins with the new educational model.

Enjoying the superior education resources and advanced educational model, inland Tibet class is the first choice for many Tibetan students. Inland Tibet classes in 21 provinces and municipalities have 26,900 students, covering middle school education, high school education, vocational education and higher education, with an enrollment of 107,700 and over 32,000 talents above vocational education.

In old Tibet, farmers and herdsmen, accounting for 95 percent of all population in Tibet, have no rights to education. Tibetan society was mired in stagnation due to its backward serfdom and the isolated geographic location of Tibet. Over the past five decades, Tibet mainly focused on the cultivation of national carders and technical professionals, contributing to the development of the Tibetan economy and society.

Education and culture qualities among people improve obviously. According to the data, currently, the enrollment rate among school-age children and junior middle school students reaches 99.6 percent and 98.9 percent respectively. Besides, over 2700 per 10,000 people own middle school or above literacy. There are 30,000 talents in Tibet Autonomous Region.

Benefiting from the bilingual education, with Tibetan as the principal language, over 80 percent Tibetan carders and workers know both Tibetan and Chinese. In some agricultural and pastoral areas, farmers and herdsmen mastering both Tibetan and Chinese are the leader for shaking off poverty.

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